The 2015 Pledges

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

Before the Paris Agreement was adopted in December 2015, countries submitted their pledges to reduce GHG emissions and address climate change to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

These initial climate pledges were named Intended Nationally Determined Contributions. 

Once the Paris Agreement was adopted at the international level, and each countries ratified it at the national level, these Intended Nationally Determined Contributions were considered Nationally Determined Contributions. Each country is required to submit an updated climate pledge every five years.

The 184 Nationally Determined Contributions made under the Paris Agreement were analyzed in detail in The Truth Behind the Climate Pledges.

Its main conclusion –almost 75 percent of the climate pledges were judged insufficient to slow climate change in the next decade. See the details of the 2019 analysis here.

WP Data Tables

BAU: Business-as-usual in 2030.

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