7. What else needs to be done?

While efforts to reduce GHG emissions are undertaken, the climate will continue to change. Thus, risks due to the impacts of climate change will continue to be felt everywhere. Although some risks are unavoidable[1], adaptation measures will lessen the risks and negative impacts on key economic sectors, human health, livelihoods and biodiversity[2].


The IPCC analyzed adaptation measures in freshwater resources, food production systems, coastal systems and low-lying areas, urban and rural areas and marine systems. Some examples include rainwater harvesting, improving water management for agriculture, altering cultivation and sowing times for key crops, breeding additional drought-tolerant crop varieties and good-quality, affordable, and well-located housing in urban areas[3].


Adaptation is also one of the key elements of the Paris Agreement. Most pledges from developing countries include adaptation plans; however, actions are conditional to the provision of funding for their implementation.





[1] IPCC, AR5, Synthesis  Report (2014)

[2] IPCC, AR5, WG II, Summary for Policymakers (2014)

[3] IPCC, AR5, WG II, Chapters 3-9 (2014)